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# ON THE LIMIT CYCLES OF FAMILLY OF DIFFERENTIAL SYSTEM DEGREE 5

 dc.contributor.author HOUARI, BOUTHEYNA dc.contributor.author BENHAMMADA, RANIA dc.date.accessioned 2022-01-02T09:32:19Z dc.date.available 2022-01-02T09:32:19Z dc.date.issued 2021 dc.identifier.other MTM 281 dc.identifier.uri https://dspace.univ-bba.dz:443/xmlui/handle/123456789/1620 dc.description.abstract Differential equation have important application and are powerful tool in the study of en_US many problems in the natural sciences and in technology; they are extensively employed in mechanics, astronomy, physics, and in many problems of chemisty and biology. Direct resolution of a differential equation is usually difficult or impossible. However, another way out it possible. This is the qualitative study of differential equations. This study makes it possible to provide information on the behavior of the solutions of a differential equation without the need to solve it explicit, and it consists in examining the properties and the characteristics of the solutions of this equation, and to justify among these solution, the existence or non existence of an isolated closed curve form called limit cycle. An important problem of the qualitative theory of differential equations is to determine the limit cycles of a systems of a differential equations. Usually, we ask for the number of such limit cycles as orbits, and an even more difficult problem is to give an explicit expression of them. The limit cycles introduced for the first time by Henri Poincaré in 1881 in his "Dissertation on the curves defined by a differential equation" [6]. Poincaré was interested in the qualitative study of the solutions of the differential equations, i.e. points equilibrium, limit cycles and their stability. This makes it possible to have an overall idea of the other orbits of the studied systems. The mathematician David Hilbert presented at the second international congress of mathematics ([3], 1900), 23 problems whose future awaits resolution through new methods that will be discovered in the century that begins. The problem number 16 is to know the maximum number and relative position of the limit cycles of a planar polynomial differential systems of degree n. We denote Hn this maximum number. Dulac [2] in 1923, offered a proof that Hn is finite. In recent years, several papers have studied the limit cycles of planar polynomial differential systems. The main reason for this study is Hilbert 16-th unsolved problem. Later on Van der Pol [7] in 1926, Liénard[4] in 1928 and Andronov [1] in 1929 shown that the periodic solution of self-sustained oscillation of a circuit in a vacuum tube was a limit cycle. The objective of this work is to give a quintic polynomial differential system of the 2 form:    x˙ = x − (γ(2y − ax) + α(x 2 + y 2 )(ax − 4y))Q(x, y), y˙ = y − (−γ(2x + ay) + α(x 2 + y 2 )(4x + ay))Q(x, y). (1) Where Q(x, y) is homogeneous polynomial of degrees 2 where α, γ and a are real constants. The main motivation of this dissertation is to prove that these systems are integrable. Moreover, we determine sufficient conditions for a polynomial differential systems to possess at most two limit cycles, one of them algebraic and the other one is non-algebraic, counted two explicit limit cycles. Concrete examples exhibiting the applicability of our result are introduced. This dissertation is structured in three chapters. The first chapter is dedicated to reminders of some preliminary concepts on the planar differential system. In the second chapter we put α = 0 and we get a system of degree 3 as follows:    x˙ = x − γ(2y − ax)Q(x, y), y˙ = y − γ(−2x − ay)Q(x, y). (2) We solve this system and we use the available conditions in the theories to prove that this system possesses at most one limit cycle. In the last chapter, we solve the system in the case α 6= 0 and apply the theorems conditions in order to prove that the system possesses at most two limit cycles, and we prove as well the limit cycles algebraic or not. dc.language.iso en en_US dc.publisher Université de Bordj Bou Arreridj Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science en_US dc.subject DIFFERENTIAL SYSTEM DEGREE 5, THE LIMIT CYCLES OF FAMILLY OF DIFFERENTIAL SYSTEM en_US dc.title ON THE LIMIT CYCLES OF FAMILLY OF DIFFERENTIAL SYSTEM DEGREE 5 en_US dc.type Thesis en_US
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